Cysts are closed sacs filled with fluid.  X Source of Research Cysts can appear anywhere in the body and can be caused by infection, genetics, defects in the cells, or blocked ducts.  X Research Resources This article will teach you how to identify the symptoms of different types of cysts and how to treat them.
Determine the type of cyst
Determine the difference between sebaceous cysts and epidermoid cysts. Epidermoid cysts are more common than sebaceous cysts. Each type will have slightly different symptoms and treatment. Therefore, proper diagnosis of skin cyst type is essential for effective treatment.
Both types of cyst are skin colored or white-yellow and have a smooth surface.
Epidermoid cysts are more common. This type of cyst grows slowly and is usually painless. Epidermoid cysts do not require treatment, unless they are painful or infected.
Pillar cysts are primarily composed of keratin (the protein that makes up hair and nails) and are formed from the outer coat of hair, usually on the head. Pillar cysts are often thought of as another term for sebaceous cysts, but the fact is that the two types of cysts are different.
Sebaceous cysts usually appear in the hair follicles. They form inside the sebaceous glands – an oily substance that covers the hair shaft. When the secretions are trapped, they become a small sac of cheese-like substance. Sebaceous cysts usually appear near the neck, upper back, and scalp. Sebaceous cysts are often confused with pillar cysts or epidermoid cysts.
Distinguish between breast cysts and tumors. Cysts may appear on one or both breasts. Without a mammogram or biopsy, it is almost impossible to identify these two types of breast tumors. Symptoms of a breast cyst include:
The lump is soft, easy to move, and has distinct edges
Pain on the surface of the tumor
Size and pain increase before menstruation begins
Size and pain decrease after menstruation
Understanding acne. Acne is a general term to describe different types of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and nodules. Cysts are elevated red lumps, usually 2-4 mm in size, like small lumps, and this is the most severe type of acne. Nodule infection is more severe than infection of other types of pustules or whiteheads. Acne hurts.
Identify ganglion cysts. This is the most common type of bulge in the hands and wrists. Ganglion cysts do not cause cancer and are usually harmless. This type of cyst contains fluid, can appear and disappear quickly, or change size. Ganglion cysts do not need to be treated, unless they interfere with lymph node function or cause cosmetic problems.
Determine if the pain is due to a tailbone cyst. This is when a cyst, abscess, or depression forms in the fold between the buttocks, running from the lower end of the spine to the anus. A coccyx cyst can be caused by wearing too tight clothing, too much body hair, sitting too long, or being obese. Symptoms may include: pus in the cyst area, painful cysts or hot, tender or swollen skin near the tailbone. Or there may be no symptoms other than a hollow or hollow in the sacrum of the spine.
Differentiation of Bartholin gland cysts. These glands are located on either side of the vagina to lubricate the vagina. When the Bartholin’s gland is blocked, a relatively painless inflammation, called Bartholin’s gland cyst, develops. You will not find it if the cyst is not infected. The infection can appear after a few days, causing pain, fever, discomfort when walking, pain during intercourse, and painful lumps near the vagina.
See your doctor for testicular inflammation. All cases of testicular swelling should be evaluated by a physician to determine the difference between a cyst, cancer, hydrocele, or testicular infection. Testicular cysts, also called epididymal cyst or epididymal cyst, are painless, non -cancerous fluid -filled sacs in the scrotum above the testicles.
Consider getting a second opinion if you are not satisfied with your doctor’s diagnosis and treatment. Most cases of epidermoid cyst and pillar cyst do not need to be treated by a doctor. But if you have consulted medical advice and are still not satisfied with the results, you may want to consider consulting further. Most cases of sebaceous cyst and epidermoid cyst are easy to spot, but there are other problems with similar symptoms to these types of cyst.
In a study by the Royal College of Surgeons in the UK, the authors presented two cases in which malignant melanoma and deep recesses of the oral cavity were first mistaken for sebaceous cyst.
There are many other infections that can be confused with a sebaceous cyst, including boils, boils (pimples), and pustules.
Prevention of cysts
Understand which types of cysts are unavoidable. Pillar cysts form after puberty and are autosomal dominant. This means that hair tumors occur in both sexes, and if a parent carries the gene for hair tumors, there is a higher chance that their child will have this type of cyst. Approximately 70% of people with pillar cysts will have multiple cysts in their lifetime.
It is currently unknown what causes the formation of cysts in breast tissue.
Doctors have no exact answer about risk factors and ways to prevent acne. However, nodules are believed to be associated with increased hormone levels during puberty, pregnancy, and infections in deep hair follicles caused by sebum (skin oil) blockages.
Knowing which types of cysts are preventable. Most cysts are unavoidable, except for a few types. For example, steps to prevent tailbone cysts include wearing loose clothing, maintaining a normal weight, and getting up from sitting every 30 minutes throughout the day.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there is no effective way to prevent the formation of epidermal cysts. However, there are groups of people who are at higher risk of having epidermal cysts: more men than women, people with acne, and people who spend too much time in the sun.
People with hand injuries are at higher risk of having an epidermoid cyst or ganglion cyst on the hand.
Bartholin’s gland cysts may appear after vaginal lesions.
Reduce the risk of cysts. Although most types of cyst are unavoidable, you can reduce your risk of having an preventable type of cyst. Use oil -free skin care products and avoid excessive sun exposure.
Shaving and waxing can also cause the formation of cysts. Avoid excessive shaving and waxing in areas where cysts are present to prevent cysts re-emergence or formation of new cysts.
Treatment of cysts at home
Treatment of sebaceous cysts and non-infectious epidermoid cysts at home. Signs of infection include the part of the skin where the cyst becomes red, swollen, painful, or red and hot. If home treatments for cysts do not work or you have symptoms of an infection, you should seek medical attention from your doctor.
Cysts that cause pain or discomfort when walking or having sex require medical attention and treatment.
Apply a damp, damp washcloth to the epidermoid cyst to stimulate drying and healing. The towel should be warm but not too hot to burn the skin. Apply a towel to the cyst 2-3 times per day.
Cystic acne responds better to ice than warm compresses.
Bartholin gland cysts can be treated at home by taking a Sitz bath (sitting bath) with lukewarm water. The Sitz bath is a therapy of sitting in warm water a few centimeters high to stimulate the drainage of the cyst.
Do not pick, squeeze or squeeze epidermoid cysts and sebaceous cysts. This action increases the risk of infection and scarring. In addition, completely do not pick, squeeze or squeeze the blister to prevent deeper infection and increase the risk of scar tissue formation.
Allow the epidermal cyst to dry naturally. When the cyst begins to drain, you should cover the cyst with sterile gauze and replace the gauze twice daily. Seek medical attention if large amounts of pus begin to flow from the cyst, the surrounding skin turns red and the cyst becomes hot and painful, or blood begins to leak from the cyst.
Keep the cyst clean. To prevent infection, you need to keep the cyst and the surrounding skin clean. Wash with soap or antibacterial cream daily.
Seek medical attention
Find out when to see a doctor. Most cysts are completely harmless and will disappear on their own, but some require medical attention. You should see your doctor right away if the cyst is swollen or painful, or the skin around the cyst becomes hot because it is a sign of infection.
Ask your doctor about cyst removal. If a cyst is affecting your daily life, don’t pop it yourself. Instead, talk to your doctor about whether cyst removal surgery is safe and recommended.
Evaluation of surgical options. There are many surgical procedures, depending on the location of the cyst, size, and how much it interferes with the functioning of the body. There are 3 options to remove cysts in the body. You and your doctor will need to talk about each surgical procedure to determine the best option for your case and the type of cyst.
Incision and drainage (I&D) is a simple procedure in which the doctor makes a 2-3 mm incision in the cyst and gently presses to drain the fluid. This procedure can be done in the doctor’s office for skin cysts, such as epidermoid cyst, sebaceous cyst, and superficial coccyx cyst that are not deep or infected (if necessary). set). Incision and drainage can be applied to breast cysts, ganglion cyst, testicular cyst or Bartholin’s glands on an outpatient basis, using local or local anesthesia. However, the cyst has a high recurrence rate if the cyst wall is not removed. Incision and drainage cannot remove the cyst wall.
The smallest excision will remove the cyst wall and the cheesy fluid inside. The cyst was cut and drained before the wall was removed. Depending on the size of the cut, stitches may or may not be needed. This technique may be an option for the treatment of breast cysts, testicular cyst, Bartholin ‘s gland cyst, and ganglion cyst. The cutting technique is very rarely applied to cystic acne. This procedure is usually performed after local anesthesia and the patient can be discharged immediately; General anesthesia is often used for young children.
Laser cyst removal is only one option for large epidermal cysts or in areas with thick skin. This is a procedure that opens the cyst using a laser and gently squeezes the fluid inside out. After one month, minimal removal is performed to pull out the cyst wall. This method of removal is highly cosmetic for non-inflammatory or non-infectious cysts.
Determine if skin cyst removal is necessary. Various home treatments can be performed to stimulate dehydration and heal sebaceous cysts or epidermoid cysts. However, you should seek medical attention if the cyst appears to be infected, the cyst is growing rapidly, the cyst is in a location that is constantly irritated, or if you are concerned about a cosmetic problem.
Determine if breast cyst removal is necessary. It is not necessary to proceed with the treatment of a simple cyst filled with fluid in the breast. If you have not yet reached menopause, your doctor will order monthly cyst monitoring. The doctor may use fine needle aspiration to drain the cyst.
If you notice a cyst within 2-3 menstrual cycles that does not spontaneously disappear or grow in size, your doctor may perform an ultrasound.
Your doctor may recommend oral contraceptives to regulate hormones during your period. This treatment is only used in women with severe symptoms.
Surgical removal is only necessary when the cyst is uncomfortable, has a bloody discharge or is green when inserted, or when the doctor thinks it is a non-benign prolapse. In this case, the entire cyst will be removed by surgery (after anesthesia) because incision and drainage will leave the cyst and increase the risk of recurrence.
Consult a dermatologist about acne treatment. First, your doctor will prescribe medications used to treat other types of acne. If the results do not improve, your doctor may recommend Isotretinoin or Accutane.
Accutane is an effective acne control medication. However, the drug can cause side effects such as birth defects in the fetus, increased risk of depression and suicide, and effects on lipid levels, liver function, blood sugar, and blood sugar counts. white blood cell. You will need a blood test once a month to monitor your response to the medication. Women should take two forms of birth control while taking Accutane.
Find treatments for ganglion cyst. Treatment for this type of cyst involves observation and usually does not require surgical treatment. Part of the cyst may be kept immobile if movement increases its size, pressure, or pain. A ganglion cyst can be depleted if it causes pain or interferes with activity. During this procedure, the doctor will use a fine needle to remove the fluid in the clinic under sterile conditions.
If symptoms do not improve with nonsurgical treatment (needle aspiration or immobilization), or the cyst recurs after aspiration, your doctor may recommend surgical removal of the cyst, also known as cystectomy. is surgery to remove the entire lymph node. During this procedure, part of the tendon or joint capsule is also removed. The chances of the cyst recurring after it is completely removed are still low. It is a surgical procedure performed under local anesthesia and can be treated as an outpatient.
Treatment of Bartholin’s gland cysts. Treatment depends on the size of the cyst, how uncomfortable it is, and whether the cyst is infected. Taking a hot Sitz bath (sitting in a few centimeters of warm water) several times a day will help the Bartholin gland to drain on its own.
Incision and drainage are used if the Bartholin gland is enlarged or infected and Sitz bath therapy is ineffective. Local anesthesia or sedation will be applied. The catheter can be left in the gland to open the gland for up to 6 weeks for complete drainage.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
Learn about treatment for testicular cysts. First, the doctor must determine that the cyst is not cancerous. If the cyst is so large that it seems heavy or dragging on the testicle, your doctor will talk to you about surgical removal.
The Children ‘s Hospital of Philadelphia in the United States does not recommend surgery for young people. Instead, they recommend young adults learn how to self-evaluate and report changes or increase in size (which may be signs of surgery) if any. Testicular cysts in children usually disappear on their own.
Percutaneous sclerotherapy is an option that lowers the risk of scrotal surgery and has shown good results in studies. When using ultrasound to guide anti-scleroderma injections, symptoms resolved in 84% of the men in the study after 6 months. Sclerotherapy helps reduce the size and symptoms of testicular cysts. This procedure significantly reduces health risks and reduces the risk of cysts returning.