You may be very worried about COVID-19 virus infection, especially if there are already confirmed cases in your area. Fortunately, you can take steps to protect yourself and your family from transmitting this infection. Simple things like staying home as much as possible, avoiding sick people, washing your hands often, and disinfecting things you touch often will help keep you healthy. If you suspect yourself of being ill, contact your doctor or local health worker immediately. After that, stay home until you get further instructions.  X Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Trusted Source Visit source
Protect Yourself from Corona Virus
Follow the vaccinations. If you can use it, join the COVID-19 vaccination program. Several types of vaccine have been approved for emergency use in Indonesia and around the world. COVID-19 vaccination in Indonesia is divided into 4 stages, taking into account the availability and time of arrival of the vaccine. In general, health workers, public service workers, and higher -risk seniors will be the first to get the vaccine.
Some vaccines approved for emergency use in Indonesia are vaccines made by Sinovac, AstraZeneca, Sinopharm, Moderna, Pfizer, and Sputnik.
Most likely, you will not be able to choose what vaccine you will receive and when you will receive the vaccine because its availability is still limited. However, the use of the vaccine has shown good protection against COVID-19 infection in trials and greatly reduces the chance that you will have severe symptoms and be hospitalized.
Stay away from people who cough or sneeze. Because the corona virus causes respiratory tract infections, coughing and sneezing are common symptoms. In addition, coughing and sneezing can release the virus into the air, which increases your risk of infection. So, keep your distance from people who show symptoms of upper respiratory infection.
If possible, ask the person to stay away from you. You might say, “I think you’re coughing. I hope you get well soon, but please don’t come too close to me so I don’t get sick.”
If you know someone who is around the sick, it’s a good idea to stay away from them as well.
Wash your hands with soap and water to reduce the risk of infection. The best way to prevent corona virus infection is to wash your hands as often as possible. Wet your hands with warm water then pour in a mild soap. Rub the soap on a lather for 20-30 seconds then wash your hands with warm water. This time is equal to the time required to sing the song “Happy Birthday ” 2 times.
The World Health Organization or WHO recommends not only wiping the palms, but also the interlocking and fusion of the fingers in various ways to ensure that all surfaces of the hands are clean. Use a tissue to dry your hands and turn off the faucet.
Be sure to always wash your hands before eating or drinking anything. However, it is always a good idea to wash your hands whenever you are outside or around people who may be sick.
If you cannot wash your hands, use a hand sanitizer or hand sanitizer that contains 60-95% alcohol. An alcohol percentage over 95% is actually less effective.
Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth . It is possible you have come into contact with the coronavirus on surfaces such as doorknobs or kitchen counters. If this happens, germs stick to your hands and can easily get into your body when you touch your face. So, avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth in case you have the virus on your skin.
If you need to touch your face, wash your hands first to reduce your chance of getting infected.
Do not shake hands with other people, whether they have symptoms or not. Unfortunately, people infected with the corona virus can transmit the disease even if they do not show symptoms. To protect yourself, limit contact with other people. Try to politely refuse to shake hands with others until the threat of the coronavirus disappears.
You can say, for example, “Good morning! ” With a smile and put your hands in front of your chest.
Disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily with antiseptic products. Unfortunately, the corona virus can stick to the surface of things like doorknobs, kitchen counters, and faucets. Use a disinfectant spray or bleach to clean these surfaces daily. To effectively kill the virus, make sure the surface is wet for about 10 minutes. This will reduce the risk of the virus sticking to the surface of the object that could potentially cause infection.
At home, clean front door knobs, kitchen counters, bathroom sinks, and faucets with disinfectant.
In the office, clean frequently handled items such as the doorknob, banister, table, and kitchen counter.
You can also make a disinfectant solution by mixing 1 cup (250 ml) of bleach with 4 liters of warm water.
Try not to worry too much if you’re not really in danger. The myths about the corona virus that spread on social media sometimes cause a great deal of fear. Learn the facts about corona virus from trusted sources such as the Ministry of Health or the World Health Organization (WHO). Also, it is a good idea to verify the source of the information before making any decisions.
Although this new coronavirus strain did not originate in China, it is not related to ethnic Chinese. Don’t treat someone differently or distance themselves from them just because they come from a particular ethnicity. Treat everyone well, and remember that anyone can be infected.
According to the WHO, you cannot infect the coronavirus from mail or products from China.
The WHO also denies that there are certain foods that can stave off the corona virus.
Prevent Disease Transmission
Stay home as long as possible to avoid meeting other people. You may have heard the terms “social distancing ” or “physical distancing ” which can help reduce the spread of the virus. To do this, make sure you leave home only when necessary, such as shopping for food or work. If you can, work or study at home. Avoid eating out, hanging out in bars, or going out for entertainment such as watching a movie at the cinema for a while.
By practicing social distancing , you can reduce the chance of being exposed to the virus. If everyone did the same, the virus would not spread easily.
If you are at high risk of complications, you should stay home as long as possible. You are considered at high risk if you are 65 years of age or older, have a weak immune system, or have health problems such as heart disease or asthma.
If you are fully vaccinated, you can reduce social distancing according to the CDC, such as gathering indoors without a mask with people who have also received the full vaccine.
Limit gatherings to 10 people if you are socializing. You may still want to visit family or friends, but remember that there is still a risk of passing the virus. Even people who are not in the high-risk group can still catch and spread the virus, or even get sick. Different regions apply different rules about the allowed number of crowds. So, check local government regulations to be sure. Follow local government instructions to reduce the spread of the virus.
This includes meetings at home or outside where no one else is present. Do not meet with friends or family in public. It is best to meet online moments.
Keep a distance of 1.5-2 meters from other people when leaving the house. You may still need to go out shopping, buy food, exercise, or get some fresh air. You can walk or run, but make sure you don’t get too close to other people. Maintaining your distance can protect you. Generally, keep a circular distance of 1.5-2 meters from other people.
If someone is too close to you, stay away and remind them to keep a distance of 1.5-2 meters. You might say, “Sorry, to be safe from COVID, we have to keep our distance. “
Wear a cloth mask or cover your mouth and nose when in public. In today’s era, everyone, even the healthy, is advised to always wear a mask in public places, such as in a department store while shopping, or on public transport. However, keep in mind that masks are not a substitute for distance from other people.
If possible, avoid using single-use masks that are actually intended for health workers and sick people.
Cloth masks are useful in helping to prevent transmission of the virus from those without symptoms.
You can also make your own cloth mask if you like.
If you choose a medical mask, read the instructions for proper use on it.
Pay attention to the latest information from trusted organizations. The World Health Organization (WHO), Ministry of Health, and other authorities are constantly updating their websites with information about COVID-19. Keeping track of the latest information will help you take extra steps to protect yourself and those around you.
Making a donation to the organizations dealing with COVID-19 is also a good thing to do.
Care of the Sick
Wear disposable protective gear while you are caring for the sick. Wear protective gloves, masks, and protective clothing made of disposable paper before giving treatment. When you leave the sick room, take off all the protective equipment you are wearing and throw it in a plastic bag. Do not use this protection again as you may come in contact with a virus.
The corona virus spreads through splashes and can stick to clothing. So, protect yourself as much as possible.
Do not share household items with an infected person. Corona virus can stick to things like cups, plates, spoons and forks, and towels. Use different equipment for each family member when they are sick. Otherwise, you can spread the infection.
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure! If in doubt, wash the appliance before use or get another one.
Wash all clothing in warm water to kill germs. Clothes, blankets, and towels can be infected with the corona virus. So you need to wash it thoroughly. Set the washing machine to the maximum temperature and measure the detergent according to the number of clothes. After that, wash the clothes using normal or heavy duty settings, according to the model of machine you are using.
If it is safe for the fabric, add a cover of regular bleach or non -permanent bleach to clean the clothes from germs.
Open the windows to let in air if the weather allows. Because the coronavirus is spread through close contact, you are at a higher risk of getting an infection if you are in the same room as someone who is sick. The incoming air will help clean the air in the room and thus reduce your risk of contracting the virus. Open the window or turn on the air conditioning in the room if possible.
Do not open room windows when it is raining or the weather outside is too hot or cold.
Overcome Possible Infections
Call your doctor if you suspect you have corona virus. If you have a fever, cough and want to breathe, stay home and contact your doctor or health center to learn how to get tested for COVID-19. The doctor will ask you about your travel history, if you have been to the area affected by the outbreak, or have contacted someone with COVID-19. If your doctor thinks you need to be checked, he or she will tell you which health care facility you should visit. In the meantime, stay home to reduce the risk of passing the disease.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough and shortness of breath. However, some patients also report other respiratory symptoms.
Stay home if you have symptoms of a respiratory infection. Aside from visiting the doctor, you should never leave the house while you are sick. You can transmit the disease and you certainly don’t want to spread this virus to others. Focus on relaxation and recovery.
When visiting the doctor, wear a disposable mask and cloth mask. Masks can help prevent the spread of germs. However, keep your distance and wash your hands often!
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience severe symptoms. Try not to panic too much, but COVID-19 can also cause serious complications. So, you should seek medical attention immediately if you experience serious symptoms. Call an ambulance or emergency department of a referral hospital for COVID-19 if you experience any of the following symptoms:
Difficulty breathing or severe shortness of breath
Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
Confused or unable to stand
Blue lips or face
Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. You are more likely to cough and sneeze if you are infected with the coronavirus. Protect others from these germs by covering your mouth with a tissue or arm. This will prevent the spread of germs in the air.
Try to carry a box of tissues at all times. However, you can also cover your mouth and nose with your elbow if you do not have tissue.