How To Diagnose Lung Hyperinflation: 10 Steps

Pulmonary hyperinflation is chronic and excessive inflation or expansion of the lungs. This disease can be caused by excess carbon dioxide trapped in the lungs or lack of elasticity of the lungs due to disease in these organs. In addition, any blockage in the bronchial tubes or alveoli, the tubes that carry air to the lung tissue, can cause lung hyperinflation. To diagnose pulmonary hyperinflation, find out its causes and symptoms, and seek a professional diagnosis.

Recognizing Symptoms

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Watch for breathing changes. Is breathing difficult or painful? Don’t you get oxygen when you breathe? These sensations do not mean you have 100%lung hyperinflation, but they are warning signs when experiencing other symptoms.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Beware of chronic cough. Coughing is a common side effect of some lung diseases and smoking. Hyperinflation of the lungs can lead to a chronic cough and shortness of breath that interferes with normal daily functioning.

If you have pulmonary hyperinflation, you will have difficulty walking uphill and cough easily. If you have a chronic cough that does not go away within two weeks, see a doctor right away.

Listen to the whistling sound as you breathe into your lungs. This may indicate reduced elasticity of the lungs, which is a symptom of pulmonary hyperinflation.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Watch for other changes in the body. Other changes in the body, when combined with the above symptoms, may indicate hyperinflation. Watch for the following symptoms:

Diseases that often recur, such as bronchitis

Weight loss

Waking up at night

Swelling of the ankle


Getting a Medical Diagnosis

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Let your doctor assess your medical history and perform a physical exam. The doctor will make a preliminary diagnosis of your condition by gathering information about your past and current health. Significant factors indicating pulmonary hyperinflation are:

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Long family history of lung disease, such as lung cancer, asthma and chronic infectious lung disease.

Current habits, such as excessive exercise or smoking.

Living environment, for example, you live in a dirty place or with smokers.

Active medical conditions such as asthma or mental health conditions such as chronic anxiety.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Get a chest X-ray. A chest X-ray shows pictures of your lungs, airways, heart, blood vessels, and bones of the chest and spine. A chest X-ray can be used to determine if the lungs are hyperinflationary.

X-rays showing fluid and air around the lungs indicate an underlying cause, such as COPD or cancer. This can lead to hyperinflation of the lungs and the sooner a diagnosis is obtained, the better.

Lung hyperinflation is seen when the X-ray shows the front of the fifth or sixth rib meeting in the middle of the diaphragm. The diagnosis of hyperinflation is confirmed when more than six anterior ribs touch the diaphragm.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Get a CT ( computer tomography ) scan. A CT scan is an imaging method that uses X-rays to create a three-dimensional image of the patient’s body. The resulting image shows the incidence of lung damage and hyperinflation.

A CT scan can show an increase in the size of the lungs and even show the presence of trapped air in one or both lungs. The trapped air will appear black on the X-ray screen.

Special paints are sometimes used in CT scans to highlight the X-rayed area. They are usually given by mouth, enema, or injection but are rarely CT scans focused on the chest. During the scan, you should wear a hospital gown and remove everything, such as jewelry and glasses that will interfere with the scan.

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During a CT scan, you have to lie down on a motorized table and your body is inserted into a donut-like machine. A technologist will talk to you from another room. He or she will ask you to hold your breath at some specific time during the scan. This procedure is painless and usually takes 30 minutes.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Take a lung function test. The lung function test is a test that measures breathing capacity and overall lung function. To confirm the diagnosis of pulmonary hyperinflation, two numerical values ​​were evaluated during pulmonary function evaluations.

FEV1 ( Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second ): This is the amount of air that can be expelled out of the lungs in the first 1 second.

FVC ( Forced Vital Capacity ): This number reflects the total amount of air that can be released

The normal result of the FEV1/FVC ratio should be more than 76%. Less than this indicates hyperinflation of the lungs because the patient cannot breathe air as fast as a healthy person.

During the examination, your doctor will use medical instruments to measure your breath. Although it is usually not painful, you may experience shortness of breath from rapid, forced breathing. Do not smoke four to six hours before the test and do not eat large meals first

Risk Assessment

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Understand the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is caused by an obstruction in the lungs that interferes with airflow. COPD is usually treated by monitoring and controlling symptoms through a combination of medical help and lifestyle changes. Pulmonary hyperinflation is often the result of COPD. If you have previously been diagnosed with COPD, the risk of lung hyperinflation increases.

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To treat COPD, your doctor will recommend lifestyle changes and prescribe medication. If you are a smoker, it is important that you quit. Exacerbation of COPD symptoms from neglect to take medication or not quitting smoking increases the risk of pulmonary hyperinflation.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Beware of the effects of asthma. Asthma is caused by inflammation of the airways. Depending on the severity of the asthma attack, inflammation can block air flow to the lungs. Over time, this can lead to hyperinflation of the lungs. Asthma treatment often involves developing a treatment plan with your doctor about medications, lifestyle changes, and controlling asthma attacks when they occur. Talk to your doctor about asthma control to prevent hyperinflation of the lungs.

Cara Mendiagnosis Hiperinflasi Paru Paru: 10 Langkah

Learn the effects of cyst fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is a chronic disease that affects many organs. This disease is hereditary and attacks the exocrine glands, which are characterized by producing abnormal mucus that tends to become thicker and more sticky than usual so that it can clog the airways. Like all airway obstruction, this disease increases the risk of hyperinflation of the lungs.

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