How To Know If Tetanus Vaccine Is Needed: 11 Steps

The tetanus vaccine is widely known, but do you know when it is needed? Cases of tetanus in the United States and other developed countries are low due to the high coverage of the vaccine. This vaccination is very important, as there is no cure for tetanus, which is caused by bacterial toxins in soil, feces, and manure. These toxic bacteria form spores that are very difficult to kill because they are resistant to heat, as well as various drugs and chemicals. Tetanus attacks the nervous system and causes painful muscle contraction, especially in the jaw and neck muscles. Tetanus can also interfere with breathing, resulting in the risk of death. To prevent this problem from happening,

Knowing When You Need to Get the Tetanus Vaccine

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Ask your doctor for a booster dose of tetanus vaccine after certain injuries. Typically, bacterial toxins enter the body through open wounds from objects contaminated with tetanus. Ask for a booster dose of tetanus vaccine if you have one or more of the following injuries or wounds that are prone to tetanus:

Wounds that appear to be contaminated with dirt, dung, or horse manure.

Saksak. Items that can cause this type of damage include wood chips, nails, needles, broken glass, and human and animal bites.

Burns. Second-degree burns (partial burns or blisters on the skin), and third-degree burns (burns involving all layers of the skin) have a higher risk of infection than first-degree burns ( superficial burns).

Crushed damage that damages tissue due to pressure from a heavy object. This injury can also occur when a heavy object falls on body parts.

Injuries resulting in tissue death. Such tissues are no longer given blood, so they are at higher risk of infection (in addition to serious damage). For example, gangrenous wounds (dead tissue in the body) are at higher risk of infection.

Wounds containing foreign bodies. Wounds that still contain foreign objects such as wood chips, broken glass, gravel, or other objects are at higher risk of infection.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Find out when you need the tetanus vaccine. Ask for the tetanus vaccine if you have never had the primary tetanus vaccine (primary tetanus vaccination) or you cannot remember when you last had the tetanus vaccine. You need to know if a booster dose of tetanus vaccine is needed when you have an injury. You need a booster dose of tetanus vaccine if:

See also  3 Ways To Treat Overdial Feet In The Elderly

Your wound was caused by a “clean ” thing, but the last time you were vaccinated against tetanus was 10 years ago.

Your wound was caused by a “dirty ” thing, and the last time you were vaccinated with tetanus was 5 years ago.

You are not sure if the sore was caused by a “dirty ” or “clean ” object, and your last tetanus vaccination was more than 5 years ago.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Get vaccinated against tetanus while pregnant. To help transfer tetanus antibodies to your baby, you should have the tetanus vaccination between 27-36 weeks of pregnancy.

Your doctor may recommend the Tdap inactivated tetanus vaccine (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus) in the third trimester of pregnancy.

You should get the Tdap vaccine immediately after giving birth if you have not gotten it before or during pregnancy.

You may need to take a booster dose of tetanus vaccine if you have been bitten by something dirty or injured during pregnancy.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Get vaccinated. The best way to treat tetanus is to prevent it early. Most people do not have severe reactions to vaccines, but some mild reactions are common. This mild reaction includes swelling, pain, and redness at the injection site that usually resolves within 1-2 days. You do not need a booster dose of tetanus vaccine until you have always been re -vaccinated before 10 years. The following are some of the vaccines that can protect against tetanus:

DTaP. The diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus vaccines are usually given to infants aged 2, 4, and 6 months, then repeated at 15 and 18 months. The DTaP vaccine is very effective for toddlers. The booster dose is needed by children between the ages of 4-6 years.

Tdap. Over time, protection against tetanus will decrease, so children will need to be given booster doses. The Tdap vaccine consists of a full dose of tetanus vaccine, and lower doses of diphtheria and pertussis vaccines. All aged between 11-18 years are recommended to undergo booster vaccination, especially between the ages of 11-12 years.

Td. To maintain protection against tetanus, as an adult, you will need a repeated Td (tetanus and diphtheria) vaccine every 10 years. Protective antibody levels may disappear in some people after 5 years, so a booster dose of the vaccine is recommended if you have a deep, contaminated wound and have not had the vaccination repeated for more than 5 years.

See also  How To Get Rid Of Allergies: 12 Steps

Recognize and Learn about Tetanus

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Find out who is at risk for tetanus and how it is contracted. Almost all cases of tetanus occur in people who have not been vaccinated, or adults who have not had a repeat vaccination after 10 years. However, this disease is not transmitted from person to person, so it is very different from other diseases that can be prevented with vaccines. However, this disease can be transmitted through bacterial spores that enter the body through open wounds. These spores can release harmful neurotoxins that cause muscle cramps and stiffness.

Complications from tetanus are most common in people who have not been vaccinated or adults with inadequate vaccination rates in industrialized countries.

You are also at greater risk for tetanus after a natural disaster, especially if you live in a developing country.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Reduce the risk of tetanus. Clean and disinfect wounds or injuries immediately after encountering them. Delaying wound disinfection for more than 4 hours will increase the chance of developing tetanus infection. This step is even more important if the wound is caused by something to penetrate the skin, causing bacteria and dirt to penetrate deep into the wound, which is ideal for bacterial growth.

Pay attention to the hygiene of the object causing the wound to determine if you need a booster dose of tetanus vaccine. In dirty or contaminated things, there is soil/dirt, saliva, or animal/human feces, while in clean things, there is no such contamination. Remember that you cannot determine the presence of bacteria in an object.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Be aware of the symptoms of tetanus. The incubation period for tetanus varies from 3-21 days, with an average of 8 days. The severity of tetanus was classified on a scale of I to IV. The longer the symptoms, the lower the likelihood of developing tetanus. Common symptoms of tetanus (in order of appearance) include:

Jaw muscle cramps (commonly referred to as jaw locking)

Stiffness of the neck

Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)

Stiffness of the abdominal muscles like a plank

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Identify other symptoms of tetanus. The diagnosis of tetanus is based solely on symptoms. There is no blood test that can diagnose tetanus, so paying attention to the symptoms is very important. You may also notice fever, sweating, increased blood pressure, or rapid heartbeat (tachycardia). Be aware of other possible complications, including:

See also  4 Ways To Prevent Corona Virus

Laryngospasm, or cramping of the vocal cords, which blocks breathing

Bone cracks

Seizures

Abnormal heart rhythm

Secondary infections such as pneumonia, due to prolonged hospital stay

Pulmonary embolism, or blood clots in the lungs

Death (10% of reported tetanus cases are fatal)

Treatment of Tetanus

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Seek medical help. If you think or suspect you have tetanus, seek medical attention right away. This condition is an emergency and you will need to be hospitalized because of its high mortality or mortality rate (10%). At the hospital, you will be given a tetanus antitoxin, such as tetanus immunoglobulin. This antitoxin will neutralize toxins that have not yet bound to nervous tissue. Your wound will also be cleaned properly, and you will be given the tetanus vaccine to prevent this infection from recurring in the future.

Being infected with tetanus does not make you immune to this infection later in life. You still need the tetanus vaccine to prevent it.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Ask your doctor to determine your treatment. There is no blood test that can diagnose tetanus. So. Laboratory tests are not useful for diagnosing this disease. As a result, most physicians do not conduct a wait-and-see approach to the disease, but instead take targeted care if tetanus infection is suspected.

A doctor’s diagnosis of tetanus is primarily based on the clinical signs and symptoms that appear. The worse the symptoms, the faster the action.

Cara Mengetahui Kapan Vaksin Tetanus Dibutuhkan: 11 Langkah

Treat the symptoms of tetanus. There is no cure for tetanus infection, so treatment is directed at symptoms and possible complications. You will be given antibiotics intravenously, by injection, or orally. In addition, you will also be given medication to control muscle cramps.

Some medications that can control muscle cramps include sedatives such as benzodiazepine medications, among others, diazepam or Valium, lorazepam (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax), and midazolam (Versed).

Antibiotics are generally not effective against tetanus, but can be prescribed to prevent the reproduction of the bacterium Clostridium tetani . Thus, it slows down the production of poison.

You May Also Like

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.